Vein Disorders

Vein disorders can cause blood to pool in your legs, which can lead to a progression of symptoms.

CALIFORNIA’S PREMIER VARICOSE VEIN DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENT FACILITY

California Vein & Vascular Center’s fellowship trained vascular surgeons are ready to execute board certified endovascular procedures. Varicose veins are enlarged veins that can be blue, red, or flesh colored. They are often raised above the skin on legs and look like twisted bulging cords. Varicose veins occur when the valves in veins that regulate blood flow from the legs toward the heart are no longer functioning properly, causing blood to pool. We would be happy to schedule some time to go through all of our available treatment options. Treatments for venous disease are covered by most PPOs & some HMOs – don’t let your condition get worse!

VARICOSE VEINS

Varicose veins are rope-like blue vessels under the skin, usually ¼ inch or larger in diameter. They are most often branches from the saphenous trunk veins, and have enlarged due to the excess pressure in the saphenous system. Varicose veins are unsightly and often painful. A clotted varicose vein causes a condition called phlebitis, in which the skin overlying the site of the clot becomes hot, red and painful. Besides the visible symptoms, physical symptoms include tiredness, restless legs at night, heaviness in the leg, pain, aching, itching, throbbing and swelling, burning or a cramping sensation.

SPIDER VEINS

Spider veins, medically known as telangiectasia, are dilated capillary veins less than 2 mm. in diameter. They are small blue to red appearing blood vessels that lie close to the surface of the skin and occur either in lines or web-like patterns. Spider veins are usually visible on the legs but sometimes are visible around the nose and lips and are commonly referred to as “broken veins”. While they can ache, burn or itch now and then, they are usually not symptomatic. Spider veins are not harmful and are simply unsightly.
leg swelling caused by untreated spider veins
man golfing with varicose veins

ABOUT VEINS

Veins carry blood back to the heart. Your legs contain a network of veins. Superficial veins (near the surface of the skin) connect to perforating veins. Perforating veins carry blood from the superficial veins to the deep veins of the thigh and calf. Healthy leg veins contain valves that open and close to assist the return of blood back to the heart. Venous reflux disease develops when the valves that keep blood flowing from the legs back to the heart become damaged or diseased. This can cause blood to pool in your legs, which can lead to a progression of symptoms.

Understanding Superficial Venous Reflux

Left untreated, venous reflux can progress to other conditions, including leg swelling, venous ulcers, and skin changes.
leg swelling caused by untreated spider veins

Leg Swelling (Edema)

Beyond the purely cosmetic concerns about spider veins and the pain, fatigue and discomfort that result from varicose veins, venous reflux is a progressive disease that can lead to other, more significant circulatory problems as it worsens. Swelling of the leg is a further sign that damaged or diseased vein valves are not functioning properly. Since the blood cannot be effectively returned to the heart, it pools in the leg resulting in higher than normal pressure (venous hypertension), and causes the leg to swell. This swelling is called edema.
leg skin changes caused untreated by varicose veins

Venous Ulcers

The most severe stage of venous reflux disease is when the inadequate blood flow results in an ulcer, commonly near the ankle. In fact, damaged or diseased perforating veins are the source of venous reflux in nearly two-thirds of venous ulcer patients. These ulcers are raw and painful wounds which may not always be healed using only antibiotics or salves. Our practice is experienced in offering the most progressive approaches in treating patients with advanced symptoms of venous reflux, including venous leg ulcers.
leg ulcer caused by untreated varicose veins

Skin Changes

In addition, when blood flow out of the legs through superficial and perforating veins is inadequate, this higher-than-normal pressure can result in damage to the skin. Progression of venous reflux can lead to changes in the skin’s color (hyperpigmentation) as well as changes in skin texture.
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