Peripheral Arterial Desease
P.A.D. usually affects the arteries in the legs
WHAT IS PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE?
Peripheral Arterial Disease is a disease in which plaque builds up in the arteries that carry blood to your head, organs, and limbs. When plaque builds up in the body’s arteries, the condition is called atherosclerosis. Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, fibrous tissue, and other substances in the blood. Over time, plaque can harden and narrow the arteries. This limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your organs and other parts of your body. This condition may affect the arteries in the legs, as well as the arteries that carry blood from your heart to your head, arms, kidneys, and stomach.
More About PAD
Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) or Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) is a progressive disease. Associated conditions include deep vein thrombosis, varicose veins and chronic venous insufficiency. PAD is generally associated with clogged arteries in legs.
Arterial blockages are usually a result of hard fatty material building up inside the lining of the arterial wall in the legs. The hardening of these arteries is called atherosclerosis. This ultimately narrows and blocks the flow of blood, preventing nutrients and oxygen from being carried to limbs. A common location for this disease to develop is in the popliteal and femoral arteries which supply blood to the lower extremities.
PAD narrows arteries inside the leg, therefore limiting blood flow to muscles. As a result, muscle pain may ensue. The symptoms are not always obvious and can actually sometimes take its victim by surprise, showing very little for symptoms or causing none at all.